DIABETIC EYE DISEASE
Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes: diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataract and glaucoma. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness.
Diabetic retinopathy involves changes to retinal blood vessels that can cause them to bleed or leak fluid, distorting vision. It is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness among working-age adults. DME is a consequence of diabetic retinopathy that causes swelling in the area of the retina called the macula.